Don't forget winter-flowering plants
You might be surprised to find out that honeybees don’t hibernate, which means they need access to nectar and pollen even during the winter. While winter-flowering plants are relatively limited in choice, this is a great opportunity to extend the season of interest in your garden, while also helping honeybees and other insects that emerge early from hibernation.
You could plant bulbs such as crocuses or winter-flowering shrubs such as Oregon grape (Mahonia x media) and Japanese quince (Chaenomeles speciosa). My favourite winter-flowering perennial, lungwort (Pulmonaria sp), is also the favourite plant of the hairy-footed flower bee, which can be seen zig-zagging between the flowers on sunny days in February. At the other end of the year, there are plenty of fantastic plants that flower well into autumn, creating a colourful display with bountiful food for insects.
No space? Get creative with window boxes to attract bees – try wildflowers or herbs in a sunny, south-facing window box, or violas and Tiarella for shady or north-facing windows. Or what about a winter-flowering shrub in a pot by the front door?